GreenComp is the recently published (2022) European Sustainability Competence Framework, which identifies sustainability competences that learners need for a more sustainable society. This framework was one of the policy actions set out in the European Green Deal, as a catalyst to promote learning on environmental sustainability in the EU.

GreenComp fosters a sustainability mindset by helping users develop the knowledge, skills and attitudes to think, plan and act with empathy, responsibility and care for our planet. It proposes 12 sustainability competences (interlinked and equally important) organised into four ‘areas’:

  • embodying sustainability values,
  • embracing complexity in sustainability,
  • envisioning sustainable futures, and
  • acting for sustainability.

This work began with a literature review and drew on several consultations with experts and stakeholders working in the field of sustainability education and lifelong learning. The results presented in the publication form a framework for learning for environmental sustainability that can be applied as a non-prescriptive reference in any learning context (for all learnres’ ages, education levels and settings). The publication shares working definitions of sustainability and learning for environmental sustainability that forms the basis for the framework to build consensus and bridge the gap between experts and other stakeholders.

Download the GreenComp (PDF) in all European languages (2022)

Access the digital version of GreenComp (2024)

An article by Joint Research Centre (JRC) of European Commission “From sustainability competences (GreenComp) to sustainable behavior” (2022)